spotlight Today in history: Jan. 16 Jan 16, 2020 Jan 16, 2020 Major events that happened around the world on this day in history. 1547: "Ivan the Terrible" In 1547, Ivan IV of Russia (popularly known as "Ivan the Terrible") was crowned Czar. HOGP 1912: Robert Scott expedition In 1912, a day before reaching the South Pole, British explorer Robert Scott and his expedition found evidence that Roald Amundsen of Norway and his team had gotten there ahead of them. ASSOCIATED PRESS 1920: Prohibition In 1920, Prohibition began in the United States as the 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution took effect, one year to the day after its ratification. (It was later repealed by the 21st Amendment.) AP 1969: Soyuz docking In 1969, two manned Soviet Soyuz spaceships became the first vehicles to dock in space and transfer personnel. AP 1978: NASA astronauts In 1978, NASA named 35 candidates to fly on the space shuttle, including Sally K. Ride, who became America's first woman in space, and Guion S. Bluford Jr., who became America's first black astronaut in space. AP 1987: Hu Yaobang In 1987, Hu Yaobang resigned as head of China's Communist Party, declaring he'd made mistakes in dealing with student turmoil and intellectual challenges to the system. Neal Ulevich 1989: Miami Rioting In 1989, three days of rioting began in Miami when a police officer fatally shot Clement Lloyd, a black motorcyclist, causing a crash that also claimed the life of Lloyd's passenger, Allan Blanchard. (The officer, William Lozano, was convicted of manslaughter, but then was acquitted in a retrial.) Bill Cooke 1991: Operation Desert Storm On Jan. 16, 1991, the White House announced the start of Operation Desert Storm to drive Iraqi forces out of Kuwait. (Allied forces prevailed on Feb. 28, 1991.) Charles Tasnadi 1992: El Salvador & Mexico City In 1992, officials of the government of El Salvador and rebel leaders signed a pact in Mexico City ending 12 years of civil war that had left at least 75,000 people dead. JOE CAVARETTA 2003: Space shuttle Columbia In 2003, the space shuttle Columbia blasted off for what turned out to be its last flight; on board was Israel's first astronaut, Ilan Ramon (ee-LAHN' rah-MOHN'). (The mission ended in tragedy on Feb. 1, when the shuttle broke up during its return descent, killing all seven crew members.) Chris O'Meara 2004: Michael Jackson In 2004, pop star Michael Jackson pleaded not guilty to child molestation charges during a court appearance in Santa Maria, Calif.; the judge scolded Jackson for being 21 minutes late. (Jackson was eventually acquitted.) KEVORK DJANSEZIAN 2007: Barack Obama In 2007, Sen. Barack Obama, D-Ill., launched his successful bid for the White House. DENNIS COOK 2010: Haiti earthquake Ten years ago: As precious water and food began reaching parched and hungry earthquake survivors on the streets of Haiti's ruined capital Port-au-Prince, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton met with Haitian President Rene Preval (reh-NAY' preh-VAHL') and promised that U.S. quake relief efforts would be closely coordinated with local officials. Julie Jacobson 2010: Taco Bell founder Ten years ago: Glen W. Bell Jr., 86, founder of the Taco Bell chain, died in Rancho Santa Fe, California. Ric Francis 2015: Anti-terrorism raids Five years ago: Anti-terrorism raids across Europe netted dozens of suspects as authorities rushed to thwart more attacks by people with links to Mideast Islamic extremists. Virginia Mayo 2015: NCAA Penn State Five years ago: The NCAA agreed to restore 112 football wins it had stripped from Penn State and Joe Paterno in the Jerry Sandusky child-molestation scandal and to reinstate the venerated late coach as the winningest in major college football history. Gene J. Puskar 2019: Government Shutdown One year ago: House Speaker Nancy Pelosi asked President Donald Trump to postpone his scheduled Jan. 29 State of the Union speech, citing concerns about whether the partially-shuttered government could provide adequate security; Republicans said the move was a ploy to deny Trump the stage. (Trump delivered the speech a week later than scheduled.) J. Scott Applewhite 2019: Theresa May Brexit One year ago: As she battled to keep Brexit on track, British Prime Minister Theresa May survived a no-confidence vote in Parliament. 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